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Deep Culture : The Hidden Challenges of Global Living / Joseph Shaules.

By: Shaules, Joseph.
Series: Languages for Intercultural Communication and Education. Publisher: Toronto : Multilingual Matters, 2007Edition: 1st ed.Description: xi, 262 p. : ill. ; 22 cm.ISBN: 9781847690166 (pbk).Subject(s): Intercultural communication | Multicultural education | Language and languages -- Study and teaching | Life abroad | Immigrants | Cross-cultural contactOnline resources: Publisher's Website. | Check the uOtttawa Library catalogue.
Contents:
"This book is a straightforward guide to understanding the hidden cultural challenges of adapting to life abroad. Combining intercultural theory and the voices of sojourners who talk about their experiences, it maps out the process of resisting, accepting and adapting to cultural difference. We see that all sojourners, from tourists to expatriates to immigrants, go through a similar learning dynamic. We learn that intercultural experiences can be deep or shallow, and that hidden cultural difference can increase sojourner prejudice. The book examines intercultural sensitivity while avoiding 'feel good' idealizations about cross-cultural contact. It brings clarity to debates regarding the importance of cultural difference and the effects of globalization. It is an essential resource for sojourners, language teachers and intercultural educators." (Book Cover)
CONTENTS:
Introduction
PART 1: The Intercultural Experience
1. INTERCULTURAL CONTACT IN THE GLOBAL VILLAGE Sojourns as a Learning Experience Goals of this Book Deep Culture Deep culture and the global village Avoiding deep intercultural learning Perspectives on Intercultural Learning
2. OBJECTIONS TO CULTURE The Struggle to Define 'Culture' Competing conceptualizations Edward Hall from culture to intercultural Objections to 'Culture' Social identity versus communities of shared meaning Cultural as a causal agent Culture as Experienced by Sojourners
3. UNDERSTANDING THE DEEP STRUCTURE OF CULTURE Cultural 'Rules' and Diffuse Cultural Difference Culture as stable frameworks of interpretation The deep structure of cultural difference Research Into Deep Cultural Difference Linguistic relativity Deep culture and cognitive processes Dimensions and domains Approaches to Understanding Value Orientations Hofstede's value orientations The 'cultural onion' model of Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner Norms, values and hidden assumptions Human Universals and the Biological Bases of Culture Cultural programming and individual choice
4. DEEP CULTURAL DIFFERENCE AND INCREASED PREJUDICE Change for the Worse Deep culture and increased prejudice Cultural Learning as 'Pattern Recognition' Resisting the Demands of Cultural Learning Deep cultural difference and absolute judgments Level of Investment and the Depth of Intercultural Resistance Finding Neutral Intercultural Terminology Negative Reactions are Normal
5. WHAT IS SUCCESSFUL CULTURAL LEARNING? Defining Intercultural Success Intercultural education goals versus intercultural adaptation success Intercultural awareness in intercultural education Intercultural competencies in language education Intercultural success in cross-cultural adaptation research A Phenomenological View of Intercultural Success Constructive marginality Critiques of Bennett Meaningful Versus Deep Intercultural Experiences Relationships as a measure of cultural depth Language learning and deep culture Schema for describing the depth of cultural experiences From Goals to Process
6. THE PROCESS OF INTERCULTURAL LEARNING Differing Results of Deep Cultural Learning Culture Shock and Cultural Learning The anatomy of culture shock Environmental cues and 'navigational demands' Communication and 'interactive demands' The 'identity demands' of intercultural learning Deep and Surface Adaptive Demands Resistance, acceptance and adaptation The Stages of Cultural Learning Bennett's six degrees of intercultural sensitivity The ethnocentric stages The ethnorelative stages Validity of the DMIS Validity across cultures The DMIS and 'mixed states' Intercultural sensitivity and deep culture Diagramming Intercultural Learning
PART 2: A Model of Cultural Learning
7. THE DEEP CULTURE MODEL The Deep Culture Model of Cultural Learning Definition of terms Intercultural Success - Intercultural Failure Deep and Demanding Intercultural Experiences The Inevitability of Intercultural Learning Cultural Learning Dilemmas and Orientations The Cultural Learning Process
8. RESISTANCE TO CHANGE Resistance Resistance versus dislike Resistance and rapport Reversal Surface resistance Explicit demands and symbolic significance Deep Resistance Resistance versus defense Resistance, Ethnocentrism, Racism and Prejudice
9. ACCEPTANCE OF DIFFERENCE Acceptance Like versus acceptance Surface acceptance Surface acceptance with deep resistance Minimization versus mixed states Intellectual acceptance versus deep acceptance Deep Acceptance Deep acceptance and language learning Acceptance and adaptation
10. ADAPTATION AND CULTURAL IDENTITY Adaptation Norms and values the 'rules' of a new community Enforced adaptation adapting because we have to Surface adaptation explicit learnings and symbolic meanings The challenges of surface adaptation Deep Adaptation Deep adaptation and language learning Deep adaptation and cultural code switching Deep adaptation and identity shifts Rapport and cultural identity
11. RESISTANCE AND RAPPORT - WHY NOT EVERYONE REACTS THE SAME Everyone is Different Resistance and Rapport Relationships and Language Learning Cultural Distance
12. BEYOND ADAPTATION Defining Intercultural Success The 'Chameleon' Identity Questions and Deep Cultural Learning Binary intercultural experiences and triangulation
13. IMPLICATIONS FOR THE “GLOBAL VILLAGE” Intercultural Learning Goals A vocabulary for intercultural experiences Applying the vocabulary of intercultural experiences Explicit/Implicit Culture Surface/Deep Intercultural Experiences Relationships, Language Learning and Intercultural Learning Principles for Intercultural Education Conclusion
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Books Books CR Julien-Couture RC (Teaching)
General Stacks
Non-fiction MET LIC (Browse shelf) 1 Available A021094

Vol. 16 in the Languages for Intercultural Communication and Education series.

Includes bibliographical references (p. 255-262), glossary of the intercultural experience, and background of the Sojourners.

"This book is a straightforward guide to understanding the hidden cultural challenges of adapting to life abroad. Combining intercultural theory and the voices of sojourners who talk about their experiences, it maps out the process of resisting, accepting and adapting to cultural difference. We see that all sojourners, from tourists to expatriates to immigrants, go through a similar learning dynamic. We learn that intercultural experiences can be deep or shallow, and that hidden cultural difference can increase sojourner prejudice. The book examines intercultural sensitivity while avoiding 'feel good' idealizations about cross-cultural contact. It brings clarity to debates regarding the importance of cultural difference and the effects of globalization. It is an essential resource for sojourners, language teachers and intercultural educators." (Book Cover)

CONTENTS:

Introduction

PART 1: The Intercultural Experience

1. INTERCULTURAL CONTACT IN THE GLOBAL VILLAGE
Sojourns as a Learning Experience
Goals of this Book
Deep Culture
Deep culture and the global village
Avoiding deep intercultural learning
Perspectives on Intercultural Learning

2. OBJECTIONS TO CULTURE The Struggle to Define 'Culture'
Competing conceptualizations
Edward Hall from culture to intercultural
Objections to 'Culture'
Social identity versus communities of shared meaning
Cultural as a causal agent
Culture as Experienced by Sojourners

3. UNDERSTANDING THE DEEP STRUCTURE OF CULTURE Cultural 'Rules' and Diffuse Cultural Difference
Culture as stable frameworks of interpretation
The deep structure of cultural difference
Research Into Deep Cultural Difference
Linguistic relativity
Deep culture and cognitive processes
Dimensions and domains Approaches to Understanding Value Orientations
Hofstede's value orientations
The 'cultural onion' model of Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner
Norms, values and hidden assumptions
Human Universals and the Biological Bases of Culture
Cultural programming and individual choice

4. DEEP CULTURAL DIFFERENCE AND INCREASED PREJUDICE
Change for the Worse
Deep culture and increased prejudice
Cultural Learning as 'Pattern Recognition'
Resisting the Demands of Cultural Learning
Deep cultural difference and absolute judgments
Level of Investment and the Depth of Intercultural Resistance
Finding Neutral Intercultural Terminology
Negative Reactions are Normal

5. WHAT IS SUCCESSFUL CULTURAL LEARNING?
Defining Intercultural Success
Intercultural education goals versus intercultural adaptation success
Intercultural awareness in intercultural education
Intercultural competencies in language education
Intercultural success in cross-cultural adaptation research
A Phenomenological View of Intercultural Success
Constructive marginality Critiques of Bennett
Meaningful Versus Deep Intercultural Experiences
Relationships as a measure of cultural depth
Language learning and deep culture
Schema for describing the depth of cultural experiences
From Goals to Process

6. THE PROCESS OF INTERCULTURAL LEARNING
Differing Results of Deep Cultural Learning
Culture Shock and Cultural Learning
The anatomy of culture shock
Environmental cues and 'navigational demands'
Communication and 'interactive demands'
The 'identity demands' of intercultural learning
Deep and Surface Adaptive Demands
Resistance, acceptance and adaptation
The Stages of Cultural Learning
Bennett's six degrees of intercultural sensitivity
The ethnocentric stages
The ethnorelative stages
Validity of the DMIS
Validity across cultures
The DMIS and 'mixed states'
Intercultural sensitivity and deep culture
Diagramming Intercultural Learning

PART 2: A Model of Cultural Learning

7. THE DEEP CULTURE MODEL
The Deep Culture Model of Cultural Learning
Definition of terms
Intercultural Success - Intercultural Failure
Deep and Demanding Intercultural Experiences
The Inevitability of Intercultural Learning
Cultural Learning Dilemmas and Orientations
The Cultural Learning Process

8. RESISTANCE TO CHANGE
Resistance
Resistance versus dislike
Resistance and rapport
Reversal
Surface resistance
Explicit demands and symbolic significance
Deep Resistance
Resistance versus defense
Resistance, Ethnocentrism, Racism and Prejudice

9. ACCEPTANCE OF DIFFERENCE
Acceptance
Like versus acceptance
Surface acceptance
Surface acceptance with deep resistance
Minimization versus mixed states
Intellectual acceptance versus deep acceptance
Deep Acceptance
Deep acceptance and language learning
Acceptance and adaptation

10. ADAPTATION AND CULTURAL IDENTITY
Adaptation
Norms and values the 'rules' of a new community
Enforced adaptation adapting because we have to
Surface adaptation explicit learnings and symbolic meanings
The challenges of surface adaptation
Deep Adaptation
Deep adaptation and language learning
Deep adaptation and cultural code switching
Deep adaptation and identity shifts
Rapport and cultural identity

11. RESISTANCE AND RAPPORT - WHY NOT EVERYONE REACTS THE SAME Everyone is Different
Resistance and Rapport
Relationships and Language Learning
Cultural Distance

12. BEYOND ADAPTATION
Defining Intercultural Success
The 'Chameleon'
Identity Questions and Deep Cultural Learning
Binary intercultural experiences and triangulation

13. IMPLICATIONS FOR THE “GLOBAL VILLAGE”
Intercultural Learning Goals
A vocabulary for intercultural experiences
Applying the vocabulary of intercultural experiences
Explicit/Implicit Culture Surface/Deep Intercultural Experiences
Relationships, Language Learning and Intercultural Learning
Principles for Intercultural Education
Conclusion

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